Ancient China I can… I can explain why China is referred to as the “Middle Kingdom”




Download 48.31 Kb.
TitleAncient China I can… I can explain why China is referred to as the “Middle Kingdom”
Date22.03.2013
Size48.31 Kb.
TypePresentations


Ancient China


I can…

  • I can explain why China is referred to as the “Middle Kingdom”

  • I can name the two important rivers of China and explain how they affected the people of China



Contrasting Climate and Landforms

  • Southern China- warm and wet as a result of the Monsoons from the South China Sea

  • Northern- cool and dry, dependent on rivers as a source of water



“The Middle Kingdom”

  • Geographic features such as mountains and seas blocked off China from the rest of the Ancient world.

  • They only knew of the nomadic people to the North and West of them

  • China had no knowledge of Egypt, India, Greece, Rome, etc.

  • They were sure they lived in the center of the earth that they called themselves the “Middle Kingdom”



Rivers, the Birthplace of Civilization

  • The Huang He river and the Yangtze River would overflow.

  • This would provided rich, fertile soil ideal for farming near the rivers.



China’s Sorrow

  • The Huang He river was also called “China’s Sorrow” because it was very unpredictable

  • Destructive floods would come without warning

  • At times the floods would cut new paths for the river



The Bonds of Family

  • Traditional Families- A household in ancient China might contain as many as 5 generations living together.

  • Most privileges in a family would belong to the elders (they would make household decisions)

  • Women were typically governed by men (their fathers, husbands or sons)



Family Names

  • The Chinese were the first people to have 2 names.

  • One name was for the family, one was for the individual.

  • In Chinese society the family name comes first.



The Life of Confucius

  • Confucius was the most famous and important Chinese thinkers.

  • Born 551 B.C.

    • Noble but poor family
    • Loved learning and self-taught himself
    • Thought to be China’s first professional teacher
    • Education was very expensive—Confucius charged a small fee but would also take in students who were poor if they truly wanted to learn.


The Life of Confucius (cont.)

  • Confucius wandered North China looking for rulers to follow his teachings.

  • Was unsuccessful finding a ruler

  • Died 479 B.C.—72 years old

  • Felt his life was a failure.



Teachings of Confucius

  • Confucius never wrote down his teachings.

  • Students gathered his sayings and made up a philosophy, after his death.

  • A philosophy is a system of beliefs or values.

  • This philosophy became known as Confucianism, one of several important philosophies of ancient China.



Teachings of Confucius (cont.)

  • Confucius’s goal—order in society.

  • If people would behave properly to one another, order and peace would return.

  • People should know their place in family and in society.

  • You should respect people above and below you.



Five Relationships

  • Father-child

  • Ruler-subject

  • Husband-wife

  • Elder brother-younger brother

  • Friend-friend



Impact of Confucius

  • Confucius teachings became basic training for members of civil service groups.

  • Civil service group of people who work for the government.

  • Before Confucius ideas, government posts given to sons of important people. Afterward jobs given on merit.

    • Candidates had to pass official exams.
    • (Exams were based on Confucius teachings.)


I can…

  • I can define the term dynasty

  • I can describe the cycle of Chinese dynasties

  • I can explain why there is uncertainty over which dynasty is the first



Chinese Dynasties



What’s a dynasty?

  • A sequence of powerful leaders within the same family

  • Chinese history is measured and described through the various dynasties.



Chinese Dynasties

  • Xia Dynasty About 1994 BCE - 1766 BCE

  • Shang Dynasty 1766 BCE - 1027 BCE

  • Zhou Dynasty 1122 BCE -256 BCE

  • Qin Dynasty 221 BCE - 206 BCE

  • Early Han Dynasty 206 BCE - 9 AD

  • Xin Dynasty 9 AD - 24 AD

  • Later Han Dynasty 25 AD - 220 AD

  • Three Kingdoms - Period of Disunion 220 AD - 280 AD

  • Sui Dynasty 589 AD - 618 AD

  • Tang Dynasty 618 AD - 907 AD

  • Song Dynasty 969 AD - 1279 AD

  • Yuan Dyansty 1279 AD - 1368 AD

  • Ming Dynasty 1368 AD - 1644 AD

  • Manchu or Qing Dynasty 1644 AD - 1912 AD



The First Dynasty? Xia or Shang?

  • According to legend, the Xia Dynasty is the first Chinese dynasty that existed from 1994 BCE - 1766 BCE.

  • However, there is no archeological evidence to prove the existence of the Xia dynasty.

  • Therefore, the Shang Dynasty is the first known dynasty with historical evidence



Cycle of Chinese Dynasties (dynastic cycle)



The Shang Dynasty

  • Arose sometime after 1700BC

  • Some of the finest bronze work of Ancient China

  • First to introduce a Chinese writing language



Terra-cotta Army

  • In 1974, 8,000 life-size statues were discovered in Northern China.



For over 2000 years these soldiers protected the tomb of Shi Huangdi



No 2 statues are identical

  • No 2 statues are identical

  • With his underground army Shi Huangdi planned on ruling a second empire in the afterlife



Who was Shi Huangdi?

  • Ruler of the Qin Dynasty

  • Originally, his name was Zheng

  • “cracking his long whip, he drove the universe before him… His might shook the four seas.”

  • By 221 Zheng extended his rule to cover most of modern day China

  • Renamed himself Shi Huangdi or “first emperor”



Great Wall of China

  • Throughout China’s history, people were constantly worried about attacks from the north. Different towns built walls to help protect their borders.

  • Shi Huangdi set out to connect those walls by building the Great Wall of China



Great Wall of China Cont’d

  • Shi Huangdi ordered farmers and merchants to form an army of about 300,000 workers

  • When finished the wall stretched for 1,400 miles. (The distance from Washington DC to Denver, Colorado)



Organizing the Government

  • Shi Huangdi put thousands of farmers to work building roads

  • These roads helped his army to rush to the scene if a rebellion occurred.

  • Shi Huangdi killed or put into prison anyone who opposed him

  • He divided China into districts, and each district was run by the emperor’s most trusted officials



Unifying the Culture

  • Shi Huangdi ordered one type of currency (money) to be used throughout China

  • Ordered a common system of weights and measures

  • He tried to control the thoughts of people by outlawing the ideas of Confucius and other thinkers.

  • Ordered the burning of books unless they were about medicine, technology, or farming



End of the Qin Dynasty

  • Shi Huandi died in 210 BC

  • This started four years of chaos and civil war

  • Marked the end of the Qin dynasty



The Han Dynasty

  • One of the rebels that helped overthrow the Qin dynasty was Liu Bang

  • Liu Bang became the 1st emperor of the Han dynasty by 202B.C.

  • The stable government of the Han dynasty lasted about 400 years



Wudi- The Warrior Emperor

  • The Han Dynasty reached its peak under the rule of Liu Bang’s great grandson Wudi

  • Made improvements to the Great Wall

  • Extended Chinese territory



Collapse of Han Dynasty

  • After Wudi’s death the Han dynasty slowly began to fall apart

  • Warlords (leaders of armed local bands) took control

  • By 220A.D.the Han dynasty ended



The Silk Road

  • A trade route that went from China to the Mediterranean Sea

  • It was a series of routes that covered more than 4,000 miles



The Silk Road Cont’d

  • Crossing the Silk Road was dangerous, travelers were easily killed by desert sandstorms

  • Few travelers made the entire journey, generally goods were passed trader to trader

  • Once they reached the Mediterranean goods such as silk were shipped to Ancient Greece, Rome, India, and Egypt.



Silk Road Cont’d

  • Silk Road received its name from silk, made only in China

  • Trade of Ideas- The silk road was also a way of spreading ideas. Buddhism spread from India into China via the silk road



Welcome to add document to your blog or website

Related:

Ancient China I can… I can explain why China is referred to as the “Middle Kingdom” iconBarry Bear Visits China China China is in Asia. China

Ancient China I can… I can explain why China is referred to as the “Middle Kingdom” iconLife after Mao a new Direction for China Deng Xiaping became leader of China in 1979

Ancient China I can… I can explain why China is referred to as the “Middle Kingdom” iconTang & Song China Golden Ages Two Great Dynasties in China

Ancient China I can… I can explain why China is referred to as the “Middle Kingdom” iconEducation in China Issues of Equality and Autonomy China At a glance

Ancient China I can… I can explain why China is referred to as the “Middle Kingdom” iconPollution in Asia China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Japan, and South...

Ancient China I can… I can explain why China is referred to as the “Middle Kingdom” iconAncient China by Joseph and Sean Bodyke N. S

Ancient China I can… I can explain why China is referred to as the “Middle Kingdom” iconSui, Tang, and Song Dynasties Ancient China Review

Ancient China I can… I can explain why China is referred to as the “Middle Kingdom” iconChina, Mao & the cultural Revolution Ms. Mitchell Cultural Revolutions Andover High School China

Ancient China I can… I can explain why China is referred to as the “Middle Kingdom” iconOriginated in Asia, spread by Mongol tribes, devasted China and Middle...

Ancient China I can… I can explain why China is referred to as the “Middle Kingdom” iconPage 123 -128 1-4 Chapter 5 Ancient China Section 1 Define

Place this button on your site:
shrdocs.com


The database is protected by copyright © 2013
send message
shrdocs.com
Main page