Antigone The main characters




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TitleAntigone The main characters
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Antigone

  • The main characters


Antigone



Antigone



Creon



Creon



Ismene

  • ※The round character

  • -Ismene is cautious, a rule-follower who counsels Antigone to leave their

  • brother unburied and to leave to men the job of dying for one’s ideas.

  • -”We must be sensible. Remember we are women, we’re not born to contend

  • with men. Then too, we’re underlining, ruled by much stronger hands, so we

  • must submit in this, and things still worse.”

  • -”Oh no, my sister, don’t reject me, please, let me die beside you, consecrating the dead together.



Hamon



  • Chorus

  • They are a group of elder men who comment on and interpret the action taking place on stage.



  • Messenger

  • At the end, the Messenger tells a chilling tale of Hamon’s agonized death and Euridyce’s death, and then departs.



Exposition: Antigone's decision to defy Creon's orders and bury her brother.

  • Exposition: Antigone's decision to defy Creon's orders and bury her brother.

  • Conflict: Creon decides to pardon Antigone for defying his orders and burying her brother, but it’s too late to avert tragedy.

  • Denouement: Creon decides to free Antigone from the prison, but he arrives too late and finds that Antigone has hanged herself. Haemon kills himself and lies down by her side. Later, Creon's wife stabs herself.



Themes



Pride

  • A human trait

  • Despise by Gods

  • Punish without mercy

  • Example: Creon creates law

  • Does not admit his (Creon) mistake

  • Tiresias words come true



Individual vs State

  • (Individual), Antigone

  • performing the burial of her brother, Polynices, is thinking for her individual need

  • (State), Creon

  • believes Polynices should be punished as a traitor, thinking for the States’ need



Conscience vs Law

  • (Conscience), Antigone

  • -Goes with her conscience of what is right, not concerning going against Creon, who gives out the rules for the State

  • -The time when one thinks he/she is right

  • (Law), Creon

  • Everything follows with what the King says



Divine Law vs Human Law

  • Divine Law, (Antigone)

  • Brings this as a defense for her action,

  • As for devotion she sacrifices herself

  • Human Law, (Creon)

  • Authority, his position of reign should have the right to judge



Gender Position

  • Women roles are limited in the Greek world

  • Extremely limited freedom

  • Antigone’s rebellion threatens the rules she must obey (men, hierarchies)

  • Creon, even when wrong believes he should not be defeated by a woman

  • Ismene is a good model to follow



Tyranny

  • Creon abuses his power

  • There is a line between a ruler and a tyrant

  • Sympathetic

  • Noble intentions but poor judgement

  • “tradition” vs progressive, beneficial State (Thebans)



Symbol



Antigone’s Entombment

  • Seal her rebellion against Thebes along with her death

  • To face the similarities her family had to face (Her father, mother, brother)

  • The opposite of leaving a dead body outside to rot

  • A misjudgment of Creon that will also lead to all his suffers

  • The string of other deaths



Bibliographies



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