Federal democratic repoblic of ethiopia central statistical agency




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TitleFederal democratic repoblic of ethiopia central statistical agency
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FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPOBLIC OF ETHIOPIA CENTRAL STATISTICAL AGENCY  

GENDER STATISTICS HANDBOOK 2005/2012

1. General demographic characteristics

Source: - Population and Housing census Statistical Report 1984, 1994 & 2007

According to the three Ethiopian census periods ( 1984,1994 and 2007) the percentage of male and female population are almost similar ( 1984,1994 and2007).

Source: - Population and Housing census Statistical Report 1984, 1994 & 2007

Figure 2 shows that the percentage heads of conventional household males ‘ were grater than females in the three census periods( 1984,1994 and2007).

Source: Analytical Report of Censuses in respect of population aged 10 years and above

Figure 3 indicates that young and old males are more dependent than young and old females

2. Education

Source: - Population and housing Census Statistical Report 1984, 1994 & 2007

In the previous two censuses the numbers of never school attended females were higher than males.

Source: - Population and housing Census Statistical Report 1984 and 1994

In the previous two census periods the gross enrollment ratio of male students in rural area is higher than females in the secondary and primary schools.

Source: - Population and housing Census Statistical Report 1984 and 1994

The net enrollment ratios of males were grater than females in urban area of Ethiopia.

3. Health

Source: - EDHS 2011

The HIV Prevalence of women was greater than men (1.9 Vs 1).

Source: - Population and housing Census Statistical Report 1984, 1994 & 2007

In the last three censuses the majority of illiterate females are highly disabled than the males.

4. Economic Participation

Source: - Population and housing Census Statistical Report 1984, 1994 & 2007

There is a huge difference in the economic participation of males and females In the last three census periods. (1984, 1994 and 2007).

Source: - Analytical Report on urban Employment Unemployment survey 2011

The economic activity rate of urban male population was grater than females in 2004,2006,2009,2010 and 2011.

Source: Analytical Report on urban Employment Unemployment survey 2011

Overall in Ethiopia the male population employment was higher than the female once.

Source: - Analytical Report on urban Employment Unemployment survey 2011

The illiterate and literate females who are unemployed were higher in number than the males in Ethiopia.

5. Gender wealth gap

Source:- Central Statistical Agency Statistical Abstract 2011/12 Excluding Nomadic Areas

Males who acquired crop and livestock assets in the last three agricultural surveys where slightly higher than females.

6. Crime

  • Source: - Statistical Abstract 2011/12 Central Statistical Agency

  • The people who are recorded in crime in Ethiopia is very high in the male once than females.



7. Decision Making

  • Source;- Ministry of women Children and youth affairs

  • The involvement and position of females in decision making are still very low in comparison of males especially, on the ministerial level.



The Federal government employees those are getting a salary more than three thousand birr per month the number of male and female are 76%and 24% respectively.

The proportion of male employees is 62.1% while the proportion of female employees is 37.9%.The number of female is less than the number of male by 24%.

The marital status of Federal government employees 62.2% and 37.8% single employees are male and female respectively. The proportion of married employees 64.8% is male and 35.2% is female.


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