Nouns and Pronouns Case, Number, Gender key concepts about nouns and pronouns




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Nouns and Pronouns

Case, Number, Gender

KEY CONCEPTS about NOUNS and PRONOUNS:

  • There are 3 cases of nouns and pronouns:

    • Subject
    • Object
    • Possessive
  • The number for nouns and pronouns:

    • Singular
    • Plural
  • The gender of pronouns

    • Masculine
    • Feminine
    • Neuter


Nouns

Case and Number

NUMBER: Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns

  • A singular noun names one person, place, thing or idea.

  • Examples:

    • My pencil is broken.
    • May I borrow a piece of paper?

  • A plural noun names more than one person, place, thing or idea.

  • Examples:

    • My pencils are broken.
    • My papers are scattered around the floor.


Cases of Nouns

  • Defines the role of the noun in the sentence as the subject or object or to show possession.

  • Noun Examples:

    • The musician is especially tall.
    • subject
    • The manager chose the musician.
    • object
    • The musician’s skill is famous

possessive

Possessive Nouns

  • A possessive noun shows ownership.

  • It uses an apostrophe (‘) or an apostrophe plus an –s on the end.

  • Examples:

    • The boys’ basketball team is walking down the hall.
    • I borrowed my sister’s shirt.


BRAINPOP: According to Moby and Tim, how are plurals and possessives formed?





Why the Exceptions to Forming Plurals



Form the plurals of these nouns:

EX.: plural/plurals
    • louse/
    • mother-in-law/
    • tax/
    • cactus/
    • elf/
    • chief/
    • moose/
    • potato/
    • 4/


Form the singular possessives of these nouns:

EX.: the case of a noun/noun’s case

the house of a mouse/

the son of commander-in-chief/

the pillows of the couch/

the gift of the alumnus/

the blade of the knife/

the partner of the thief/

the river of the salmon/

the vine of the tomato/

Form the plural and plural possessives of these nouns:

EX.: the case of one noun/several nouns’ cases
    • the yard of my house/
    • the duty of the sergeant-in arms/
    • the assistant of the coach/
    • the result of the datum/
    • the costume of the elf/
    • the horse of the chief/
    • the lamb of the sheep/


Pronouns

Case and Number

Cases of Pronouns:

  • Defines the role of the pronoun in the sentence as the subject or object or to show possession.

  • Pronoun Examples:

    • He is especially tall.

subject
    • The manager chose him.
    • object
    • His skill is refined.

possessive

Personal Pronoun Chart



Personal Pronoun Chart



Subject Pronouns

  • A subject pronoun indicates that the pronoun is acting as the subject of the sentence.

  • The subject pronouns are "I," "you," "she," "he," "it," "we," "you," and "they."

  • I was glad to find the bus pass in the bottom of the green knapsack.

  • You are surely the strangest magician I have ever met.

  • We will meet at the library.



Object Pronouns

  • An object pronoun indicates that the pronoun is acting as the direct object of the sentence.

  • Direct object = who or what is receiving the action of the verb.

  • The object pronouns are “me," "you," “her," "him," "it," “them,” and “us”.

  • The loud noise distracted them.

  • My book gave me a fright.

  • She will help him and me with the question.



Possessive Pronouns



Practice:

  • Write a sentence where the plural form of “man” is used as a direct object. Underline it.

  • Write a sentence where the plural possessive form of “thief” is used. Underline it.

  • Write a sentence where the singular possessive of “ranch” is used. Underline it.

  • Write a sentence where the 3rd person plural possessive pronoun is used. Underline it.



Answers

  • SUBJECT + ACTION VERB + the men

    • The police arrested the men.
  • thief/thieves…thief’s/thieves’

    • The thieves’ hideout was in a church.
  • ranch/ranch’s…ranch’s/ranches’

    • The ranch’s owner bought a horse.
  • They/them/their [subject/object/possessive]

    • Their answers were incorrect.


More answers:

  • We asked the men for some help.

  • The thieves’ alibis did not stand up to questioning.

  • The ranch’s owner hired a new foreman.

  • They did not show an understanding of possessives on their test.



Review

Nouns and Pronouns

Case & Number

Write a sentence where the plural form of “mother-in-law” is used as a direct object. Underline it.

  • Write a sentence where the plural form of “mother-in-law” is used as a direct object. Underline it.

  • Write a sentence where a 2nd person plural possessive pronoun is used. Underline it.

  • Write a sentence where the plural form of “alumnus” is used as the subject of a sentence. Underline it.

  • Write a sentence where the singular possessive of “lady” is used. Underline it.

  • Write a sentence where the plural possessive form of “coach” is used. Underline it.

  • Write a sentence where a 1st person plural pronoun is used as a direct object. Underline it.

  • Write a sentence where the singular possessive form of “alumnus” is used. Underline it.

  • Write a sentence where the plural possessive form of “bus” is used. Underline it.



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