Medical marijuana a medical and Ethical Viewpoint Controversy




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TitleMedical marijuana a medical and Ethical Viewpoint Controversy
Date01.09.2013
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MEDICAL MARIJUANA

A medical and Ethical Viewpoint

Controversy

  • The Chief scientific advisor (Professor Nutt) to the government – sacked

  • Stigmatised by the government and other institutions as a ‘gateway drug’ and cause of crime.

  • But it had been used since for medicinal purposes since 2,737 BCE.



Use In History

  • In ancient China cannabis had 120 medicinal uses

  • In ancient India it was used to treat headaches, gastrointestinal disorders, and pain

  • Queen Victoria used it for menstrual cramps and reduction of labour pain



Legality of Medicinal Marijuana

  • It is legal in sixteen states in the United States

  • It is allowed to be prescribed for extreme pain in Canada

  • In the UK it is prescribed very rarely as a spray after a slight change in law after 1995.



Medicinal Compounds

  • There is 5 main compounds - tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol, cannabinol, β-caryophyllene, and cannabigerol.

  • As Doctors, pharmacologists, medical biologists, medicinal marijuana users, e.t.c you will mostly come across tetrahydrocannabinol as it is the most widely used.



Medicinal Uses of Marijuana.

  • PAIN KILLER

  • It is an effective analgesic.

  • Useful for pain caused by damaged nerves (such as that which causes phantom limb pain), which does not respond well to existing medications.

  • The usual pain killers are opiates, but these are addictive, and tolerance develops so that the dose has to be increased.



Medicinal Uses of Marijuana.

  • TREATING CANCER

  • It can be used as an antiemetic, a drug which relieves nausea and allows patients to eat and live normally.

  • Cannabis is safer, cheaper and often more effective than standard synthetic antiemetics.

  • It euphoric properties act as an anti-depressant, and the hunger and enjoyment of food properties ('the munchies')



Medicinal Uses of Marijuana.

  • MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

  • Cannabinoid receptors are densely populated in the areas of the brain which control movement, which suggets that cannabis may have anti-spastic effects.

  • It stops muscle spasms, reduces tremors, restores balance, restores bladder control and restores speech and eyesight.

  • A  British Medical Association report requests that some synthetic cannabinoids officially licensed for use in MS and other spastic disorders.



Medicinal Uses of Marijuana.

  • OTHER USES

  • It is also used to treat Epilepsy, Glaucoma, Migranes, Alzheimer's, ADD/ADHD, tourettes and others.

  • There are many more uses of medicinal marijuana that studies have shown.



Sativex

  • In the UK, this is the most used type of an extract of cannabinoid from marijuana.

  • It is administered in the via a mouth spray, and prescribed in the UK for Multiple Sclerosis, Neuropathic pain and Cancer Pain.

  • The only side effects is mild dizziness and fatigue.



Supporters

Supporters of Medical Marijuana in a chemical form:
  • The Royal Society

  • British Medical Association

  • The House of Lords

  • General Practitioners (1995 survey – 70%)

  • Federation of American Scientists

  • National Nurses Society on Addictions

  • California Medical Association

  • Finnish Medical Association

  • The US Institutes of Medicine



Against

  • Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 

  • The Institute of Medicine

  • United States National Academy of Sciences

  • American Society of Addiction Medicine



What is Your View?



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