Chinese Praxis The Political Thought of Mao Zedong

Download 21 Kb.
TitleChinese Praxis The Political Thought of Mao Zedong
Size21 Kb.

Chinese Praxis

  • The Political Thought of Mao Zedong

Chinese Marxism

  • Strangeness of socialism with Chinese Characteristics

  • Consistent with Marxism-Leninism

  • Mao Zedong thought spurred hope of communists despairing of Western complacency and worried those in the West hoping for peace

The Life of Mao Zedong

  • Born December 26, 1893 – Eldest Child in a peasant family

  • Participated in Chinese revolution overthrowing the Manchus 1911

  • May 4th Movement protesting transfer of German held Chinese territory to Japanese 1919

  • Joined Communist party 1921

  • Report on the Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan 1927

  • Long March 1934-35 – Epic Journey traveling 6000 miles to establish new communist base in Yanan. Of 100,000 participants only 20,000 survived

  • War with Japan 1937-1945 – United Front established with Kuomintang to defeat Japanese

  • The People’s Republic of China proclaimed 1949

Imperialism and Mao’s Rural Strategy

  • From urban proletariat emphasis to peasant emphasis inspired by Kuomintang purges of the urban base party

  • The party should lead the peasants

  • Poor peasants play leadership role in the revolution

  • Base should be placed in inaccessible countryside

  • Guerilla warfare as means of waging war

China’s Path to Socialism

  • Time needed to move toward socialism

  • Any group is it thinks correctly can belong to the people – proletariat, peasantry, petite bourgeoisie, and national bourgeoisie – People’s democratic Dictatorship

  • Developing heavy industry and developing class consciousness with emphasis on the red side of red/expert problem – criticized Soviet Union for losing the emphasis on ideology in favor of industrialization

Mao on Contradiction

  • Breakthroughs in the theory of dialectical materialism – everything contains contradictions

  • Antagonistic contradictions – Class struggle only can be resolved through victory

  • Nonantagonistic contradictions – peaceful methods of criticism preferable for resolving conflict

  • Relationships vary according to historical circumstance and may require violence to resolve antagonistic contradictions

  • Marxism will pass away and something higher will come to replace it

The PRC and the USSR

  • Soviet and PRC split and ideological conflict

  • De-Stalinization – Mao affirmed Stalin’s value though acknowledging some of his errors such as the cult of the hero

  • China needed to use heavy handed methods associated with Stalin to bring order – Mao embraced cult of the hero for this purpose

Revisionists and “Paper Tigers”

  • Chinese refused to accept peaceful coexistence with capitalism

  • Militancy more words than practice – potentially useful as a means of uniting Chinese people

  • Chinese accused Soviet leadership of becoming an elite divorced from their own people – Soviet State was counter-revolutionary and prevented the Chinese people from realizing their revolutionary destiny

Mao Zedong as Symbol

  • Mao as teacher

  • Dislike of formal education

  • Wisdom of the uneducated masses

  • Cultural Revolution 1966-1969 instituted to breakdown growing class stratification

  • Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong – presents an argument for perpetual struggle

China after Mao

  • Death of Mao 1976

  • Trial of the Gang of Four

  • The rehabilitation of Deng Xiaoping and the emphasizing of the expert part of the red/expert problem

  • De-Maoification or de-sacralization – Yanan heritage

  • Pragmatic Mao used as stamp of approval on reform movement in China

The Rise of Deng Xiaoping

  • Veteran of the Long March

  • Sympathetic to expert/bureaucratic side of expert/red spectrum

  • Opposed “whatever faction”

  • Deng used Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong thought to advance his reform ideas

  • Four modernizations and new open door policy – Market socialism

  • Adherence to four cardinal principles – keeping to the socialist road, upholding the people’s democratic dictatorship, following the leadership of the communist party, and applying Marxism-Leninism Mao Zedong thought as defining and limiting factor for reforms – NEP programs utilizing incentives and decentralization to achieve economic goals

The Rise of Deng Xiaoping - Continued

  • Tremendous economic growth

  • Inflation

  • Corruption

  • Rising expectations

  • Opposed political liberalization – Tiananmen Square 1989

The Fall of Deng Xiaoping

  • The Hundred Flower Campaign, the Great Leap Forward (1957-1958), the Cultural Revolution (1966-1969), Democracy Wall Campaign (1979-1980), and the pro-democracy movement 1989

  • Deng’s appointed successors are removed from power but Deng played role in appointing Jiang Zemin, a supporter of the Tiananmen crackdown

Concluding Thoughts

  • Balancing authoritarian politics and market liberalization

  • Controlling corruption

  • Relations with the West

  • Mao Zedong Thought

  • Deng Xiaoping Thought

Welcome to add document to your blog or website


Chinese Praxis The Political Thought of Mao Zedong iconMao Zedong Alyssa Vang Ms. Wilson English 1 Pre ap, Period 3 Beginning of Mao’s Life

Chinese Praxis The Political Thought of Mao Zedong iconMao zedong By Cadet Livingood

Chinese Praxis The Political Thought of Mao Zedong iconMao Zedong was the former communist leader of China

Chinese Praxis The Political Thought of Mao Zedong iconThe Life and Legacy of Mao Zedong By, Stanley Campbell

Chinese Praxis The Political Thought of Mao Zedong iconMao Zedong- 1893-1976 By Thomas Cristofaro

Chinese Praxis The Political Thought of Mao Zedong iconMao Zedong December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976

Chinese Praxis The Political Thought of Mao Zedong iconAim: How has China’s economy changed since the death of Mao Zedong?

Chinese Praxis The Political Thought of Mao Zedong iconMao Zedong By: Sarah Fortner and Danielle Villeneuve Paper 2 Question

Chinese Praxis The Political Thought of Mao Zedong iconOur Little Red PowerPoint about Mao Zedong (In special edition in black and white) By: Rey

Chinese Praxis The Political Thought of Mao Zedong iconLegacy of Thought Confucianism and Chinese Thought Confucius

Place this button on your site:

The database is protected by copyright © 2013
send message
Main page